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Zolpidem Side Effects, Dosage, Uses & More


7.23.2017 | Olivia Kirk
Zolpidem
Zolpidem Side Effects, Dosage, Uses & More

For seniors: The liver of an older adult may not work as well as it used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects, such as sedation and decreased alertness. You may also be more sensitive to these effects. If you’re over the age of 65 years, your doctor may give you a lower dosage of this drug.

For pregnant women: Zolpidem is a category C pregnancy drug. That means two things:

For women who are breastfeeding: Zolpidem may pass into breast milk and cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. Talk to your doctor about breastfeeding your child. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication.

For people with lung or breathing problems: This drug may slow your breathing or make it shallow. This can decrease the amount of oxygen in your blood. If you have trouble breathing, you may already have lower oxygen levels. Ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you.

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years).

Intermezzo and generic low-dose sublingual tablets:

Special considerations for people with liver disease:

Drinking alcohol can increase your risk of sedation and drowsiness from zolpidem. You shouldn’t take this drug on nights when you drink alcohol. If you drink alcohol, talk to your doctor. You may need to be monitored more closely for side effects.

The liver of an older adult may not work as well as it used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dosage or a different treatment schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Important warnings About.

For people with depression: This drug may make your symptoms of depression worse. Ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you.

When traveling with your medication:

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years).

If you miss doses or don’t take the drug on schedule: Your medication may not work as well or may stop working compley.

If you have an allergic reaction, call your doctor or local poison control center right away. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

Special considerations for people with liver disease.

This medication hasn’t been studied in children. It shouldn’t be used in people younger than 18 years.

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Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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If you stop taking the drug suddenly or don’t take it at all: If you don’t take this drug, you’ll still have trouble falling or staying asleep. If you’ve been taking this medication for a while and stop taking it suddenly, you may have signs of withdrawal. Symptoms can include muscle cramps, vomiting, sweating, flushing (reddening and warming of your skin), and emotional changes. These can include nervousness, panic attacks, or uncontrollable crying. Never stop taking this drug without talking to your doctor.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older).

Zolpidem oral tablet is a prescription drug that’s available as the following brand-name drugs:

Ambien, Zolpimist, Edluar, and generic immediate-release oral tablets:

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For children: This drug hasn’t been studied in children. It shouldn’t be used in people younger than 18 years. Dosage.

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You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. Symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include:

There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Some may be better suited for you than others. Talk to your doctor about other drug options that may work for you.

For people with liver disease: If you have liver problems or a history of liver disease, you may not be able to process this drug well. This may increase the levels of the drug in your body and cause more side effects. It may also cause a serious condition called hepatic encephalopathy. With this condition, the poor function of your liver causes problems with the way your brain works. Symptoms can include being confused, forgetting things, and slurring your speech. If you have severe liver damage, you should not use zolpidem.

This dosage information is for zolpidem oral tablets. All possible dosages and drug forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on: Generic: zolpidem Brand: Ambien Brand: Ambien CR Brand: Edluar Brand: Intermezzo Brand: Zolpimist.

For people with myasthenia gravis: This drug may slow your breathing or make it shallow. This can decrease the amount of oxygen in your blood. If you have myasthenia gravis, you may already have lower oxygen levels. Ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you.

This medication hasn’t been studied in children. It shouldn’t be used in people younger than 18 years.

Many insurance companies require a prior authorization for this drug. This means your doctor may need to get approval from your insurance company before your insurance company will pay for the prescription. Alternatives.

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What to do if you miss a dose:

These are also available as generic drugs. Generic drugs usually cost less. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand-name versions.

Intermezzo only: 1.75 mg taken once per night as needed. Only take it when you have trouble falling back to sleep after waking in the middle of the night. Also, only take this drug when you have at least 4 hours left before you need to wake up.

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Child dosage (ages 0–17 years).

Keep these considerations in mind if your doctor prescribes zolpidem oral tablet for you.

The liver of an older adult may not work as well as it used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dosage or a different treatment schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Zolpidem is also available as an oral spray only as the brand-name drug Zolpimist.

Zolpidem oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

Taking zolpidem with certain medications raises your risk of side effects. This is because zolpidem and these other medications can cause the same side effects. As a result, these side effects can be increased. Examples of these drugs include:

Zolpidem oral tablet may cause drowsiness and dizziness. These effects may be more likely to happen during the first few hours after you take the drug. This drug may also cause drowsiness, dizziness, and diarrhea. These effects may be more likely to occur when you first start taking the drug and during dosage changes. Zolpidem may also cause other side effects.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always to speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you. Take as directed.

The more common side effects of zolpidem can include:

Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life-threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:

You and your doctor should monitor certain health issues during your treatment. This can help make sure you stay safe while you take this drug. These issues include:

A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription.

Zolpidem increases the activity of GABA. GABA is a chemical in your body that causes sleepiness. Increasing its activity helps you fall asleep. Side effects.

Taking zolpidem with certain medications raises your risk of side effects from zolpidem. This is because the amount of zolpidem in your body may be increased. Examples of these drugs include:

Don’t take this drug again if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).

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Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older).

For people with sleep apnea: This drug may slow your breathing or make it shallow. This can decrease the amount of oxygen in your blood. If you have sleep apnea, you may already have lower oxygen levels. Ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you.

The immediate-release tablets, oral spray, and Edluar sublingual tablets are used if you have trouble falling asleep. The extended-release tablets are used if you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. The low-dose (1.75-mg and 3.5-mg) sublingual tablets are used when you wake up in the middle of the night and have trouble falling back to sleep.

Ambien CR and generic extended-release oral tablets only: 6.25 mg once per day taken right before bedtime.

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If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

How to l if the drug is working: You should have an easier time falling asleep and staying asleep. Important considerations.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older).

When zolpidem is used with certain drugs, it may not work as well to treat your condition. This is because the amount of zolpidem in your body may be decreased. Examples of these drugs include:

Ambien CR and generic extended-release oral tablets only: 6.25 mg once per day taken right before bedtime.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years).

This medication hasn’t been studied in children. It shouldn’t be used in people younger than 18 years.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. Interactions.

Eating food with zolpidem may make the drug take longer to work. You should take this drug on an empty stomach.

If you take too much.

Zolpidem oral tablet is used for short-term treatment. It comes with serious risks if you don’t take it as prescribed.

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Ambien, Zolpimist, Edluar, and generic immediate-release oral tablets: 5 mg once per day taken right before bedtime.

Zolpidem is used to treat insomnia. Insomnia causes trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.

To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to l your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years).

The liver of an older adult may not work as well as it used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dosage or a different treatment schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Zolpidem belongs to a class of drugs called sedatives. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Ambien, Zolpimist, Edluar, and generic immediate-release oral tablets: 5 mg once per day taken right before bedtime.

Talk to your doctor if you’re pregnant or plan to become pregnant. This drug should only be used if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the pregnancy. Call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking this drug.

Intermezzo only: 1.75 mg taken once per night only as needed. Take it when you have trouble falling back to sleep after waking in the middle of the night. Also, only take this drug when you have at least 4 hours left before you need to wake up.

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Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years).

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking. Other warnings.

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The immediate-release form releases the drug into your body right away. The extended-release form releases the drug into your body slowly. The sublingual tablet dissolves under your tongue.

Zolpidem can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms can include:

Ambien CR and generic extended-release oral tablets only:

Special considerations for people with liver disease:

Zolpidem oral tablet comes with several warnings.

Zolpidem